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The science on key ingredients in SpazamG.

  • Murray, Bob. "How curiosity killed the cramp: emerging science on the cause and prevention of exercise-associated muscle cramps." AMAA Journal 29.3 (2016): 5-8. [PDF]
  • Frerick, Helmut, et al. "Topical treatment of chronic low back pain with a capsicum plaster." Pain 106.1 (2003): 59-64. [PDF]
  • Sarwa, Khomendra K., Pranab J. Das, and Bhaskar Mazumder. "A nanovesicle topical formulation of Bhut Jolokia (hottest capsicum): a potential anti-arthritic medicine." Expert opinion on drug delivery 11.5 (2014): 661-676. [Abstract]
  • Chrubasik, Sigrun, Thomas Weiser, and Beate Beime. "Effectiveness and safety of topical capsaicin cream in the treatment of chronic soft tissue pain." Phytotherapy Research 24.12 (2010): 1877-1885. This study also covered back pain. [PDF]
  • Tandan, Rup, et al. "Topical capsaicin in painful diabetic neuropathy: controlled study with long-term follow-up." Diabetes care 15.1 (1992): 8-14. [Abstract]

  • Pumpa, Kate L., et al. "The effects of topical Arnica on performance, pain and muscle damage after intense eccentric exercise." European journal of sport science 14.3 (2014): 294-300. [Abstract]
  • Widrig, Reto, et al. "Choosing between NSAID and arnica for topical treatment of hand osteoarthritis in a randomised, double-blind study." Rheumatology international 27.6 (2007): 585. [PDF]
  • Leu, S., et al. "Accelerated resolution of laser‐induced bruising with topical 20% arnica: a rater‐blinded randomized controlled trial." British Journal of Dermatology 163.3 (2010): 557-563. [Abstract]
  • Iannitti, Tommaso, et al. "Effectiveness and safety of Arnica montana in post-surgical setting, pain and inflammation." American journal of therapeutics23.1 (2016): e184-e197. [Abstract]

  • Bilbey, D. L., and Victor M. Prabhakaran. "Muscle cramps and magnesium deficiency." Canadian Family Physician 42 (1996): 1348. [PDF]
  • Supakatisant, Chayanis, and Vorapong Phupong. "Oral magnesium for relief in pregnancy‐induced leg cramps: a randomised controlled trial." Maternal & child nutrition 11.2 (2015): 139-145. [Abstract]
  • Dahle, Lars O., et al. "The effect of oral magnesium substitution on pregnancy-induced leg cramps." American journal of obstetrics and gynecology 173.1 (1995): 175-180. [PDF]
  • Murray, Bob. "How curiosity killed the cramp: emerging science on the cause and prevention of exercise-associated muscle cramps." AMAA Journal 29.3 (2016): 5-8. [PDF]
  • Sills, Sheila, et al. "Randomised, cross-over, placebo controlled trial of magnesium citrate in thetreatment of chronic persistent leg cramps." Medical Science Monitor 8.5 (2002): CR326-CR330. [PDF]

  • Cock, Ian Edwin. "Antimicrobial activity of Aloe barbadensis Miller leaf gel components." The Internet Journal of Microbiology 4.2 (2008): 17. [Abstract]
  • Saleem, Rubeena, et al. "Hypotensive effect of chemical constituents from Aloe barbadensis." Planta medica 67.08 (2001): 757-760. [PDF]
  • Hutter J A, Salman M, Stavinoha W B, Satsangi N, Williams R F, Streeper R T, Weintraub S T. Anti-inflammatory C-glucosyl chromone from Aloe barbadensis . Journal of Natural Products. 1996; 59 541-3 [PDF]
  • Heggers J P, Kucukcelebi A, Strabenau C J, Ko F, Broemeling L D, Robson M C. Wound healing effects of Aloe gel and other topical antibacterial agents on rat skin. Phytotherapy Research. 1995; 9 455-7. [Abstract]

Colloidal Silver
  • Silver, Simon, Le T. Phung, and Gregg Silver. "Silver as biocides in burn and wound dressings and bacterial resistance to silver compounds." Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 33.7 (2006): 627-634. [Abstract]

Grapfruit Seed Extract (Citrus Grandis)
  • Heggers, John P., et al. "The effectiveness of processed grapefruit-seed extract as an antibacterial agent: II. Mechanism of action and in vitro toxicity." The Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine 8.3 (2002): 333-340. [Abstract]

  • Du, Bin, Zhaoxiang Bian, and Baojun Xu. "Skin Health Promotion Effects of Natural Beta‐Glucan Derived from Cereals and Microorganisms: A Review." Phytotherapy Research 28.2 (2014): 159-166. [PDF]
  • Wei, Duo, et al. "Glucan stimulates human dermal fibroblast collagen biosynthesis through a nuclear factor‐1 dependent mechanism." Wound Repair and Regeneration 10.3 (2002): 161-168. [Full Text]

  • Araújo, Lorena Ulhôa, et al. "Profile of wound healing process induced by allantoin." Acta cirurgica brasileira 25.5 (2010): 460-461. [Full Text]
  • Goodman, Ashley, Kevin A. Zwetsloot, and Alan R. Needle. "Effect of Bacrobial® Skin Cleanser on the Prevention of Muscle Cramps." Journal of Sports Science 3 (2015): 219-222. [PDF]



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